You can't really do this, but you can get close. This would involve two solutions.
One is a filter, so that you only see the projects where you have something assigned to you. That solution can be found in posts like this:
The other solution is the view: so that once you pull in the relevant projects, you can see the tasks. You can't really specify tasks that are only assigned to your user ID, but you can get close by listing all the ready-to-start tasks and one of the people that the tasks are assigned to. At least one of them should be assigned to your user ID, they'll just need to click into the project to figure out which one. Sample code can be found here: