There are several different ways to handle file transfers between AEM and your local file system. In this post, I'm going to go over a couple command line tools to transfers files between my local file system and AEM 6.5: AEM repo tool and FileVault VLT.
AEM repo tool
Follow the instructions at Adobe-Marketing-Cloud / tools / repo to install on your system. For Linux, I used curl to install the repo bash script since it is just a single file. e.g.,