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What is an HTML template tag? | How to use HTML template tag in AEM(Adobe Experience Manager) | AEM Community Blog Seeding

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What is an HTML template tag? | How to use HTML template tag in AEM(Adobe Experience Manager) by Albin Issac

Abstract

In this post, let us explore what an HTML template tag is and how to use an HTML template tag within AEM components.
The  tag stores HTML code fragments, which can be cloned and inserted into an HTML document.

The tag's content is hidden from users being stored on the client-side. It is inert until activated using JavaScript — the content inside the template tag is not loaded, e.g., Script doesn't run, images don't load, and audio doesn't play until the template is used/activated through javascript. The HTML is not to be rendered immediately when a page is loaded but maybe instantiated subsequently during runtime using JavaScript.

Template elements can be placed anywhere inside of,, or  and can contain any syntactically correct HTML.
The template tag helps render the repeated content through a predefined template — clone the predefined template, fill the dynamic content, and render it to the page. It can also be helpful when you want to use the same content multiple times in your HTML document without any change.
Test if the browser supports the HTML template element before activating through JavaScript.

if ('content' in document.createElement('template')) {
}
For example, create a template to display multiple user details on the HTML page.
Create a parent div placeholder to append the userlist
 
Create the template to render the required user details.

 

 

 

 

 


Enable the JavaScript to activate the content (you can also fetch the details dynamically from an external service and render them to the page through a template)
if ('content' in document.createElement('template')) {

var userDetailsTemplate = document.querySelector('#template--user-details--list-item');
var userDetailsList = document.querySelector(".user-details--list");

//User1
//cloneNode - deep true or false,
//If true, then the node and its whole subtree, including text that may be in child Text nodes, is also copied.
//If false, only the node will be cloned. The subtree, including any text that the node contains, is not cloned.

var user1 = userDetailsTemplate.content.cloneNode(true);

var fname1 = user1.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--fname");
fname1.textContent = 'fname1';

var lname1 = user1.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--lname");
lname1.textContent = 'lname1';

var city1 = user1.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--city");
city1.textContent = 'city1';

var state1 = user1.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--state");
state1.textContent = 'state1';

var country1= user1.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--country");
country1.textContent = 'country1';

userDetailsList.appendChild(user1);

//User2

var user2 = userDetailsTemplate.content.cloneNode(true);

var fname2 = user2.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--fname");
fname2.textContent = 'fname2';

var lname2 = user2.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--lname");
lname2.textContent = 'lname2';

var city2 = user2.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--city");
city2.textContent = 'city2';

var state2 = user2.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--state");
state2.textContent = 'state2';

var country2= user2.querySelector(".user-details--list-item--country");
country2.textContent = 'country2';

userDetailsList.appendChild(user2);

} else {
// the HTML template element is not supported.
}
For AEM, create a client library(e.g., wknd.site.template) with the required JS(refer above)
Create a Component with the required placeholder and the template. I also include the client library at the component level; you can include it globally if needed.

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What is an HTML template tag? | How to use HTML template tag in AEM(Adobe Experience Manager)

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