Hi @ursboller, actions are essentially invoked in the same manner after you do `aio app run` and `aio app deploy`. Only difference is that if you change something in the code and save while in run mode, it automatically re-deploys the action.
Coming to your question about debugging, the logs should be the same whether you run or deploy the action. Some useful commands for debugging:
`aio app logs`: show the logs of the most recently invoked action
`aio runtime activation list`: list 20 latest invocations
`aio runtime activation get ID`: get detailed info about the invocation. ID is obtained from the list above
`aio runtime activation logs ID`: get the logs of an invocation