I was wondering if this concept every came up before. In our application, we would like to have as few templates as possible (potentially, even 1 or 2). However, we would like to create the concept of "suggested layouts" (think variations of a content fragment) which would essentially be one template, but with multiple 'Initial Content' layouts, so a content producer could choose a layout and have it prefilled with a set of components similar to how they intend to author the page.
Can this be done without having to create a template for each one of the 'Layouts" or do we simply have the templates just as frameworks for the Initial Content?
Gaurav is correct - this functionality is not available OOTB. When an author creates a page, they must select a template - which should be an editable template. Template authors have the ability to create template with policies, fixed components, layout container (which container author able components), to meet the business's requirements.
To sum up - you need to create a separate editable template (each one can container different layout container and policies) that a page can be based on.